Area: 331. 983,293 km2
Capital: St. Louis
GDP: U.S. $ 28,621 billion
Coastline: 240 km
Potential activities: Beekeeping, Dairy / dairy farming, aquaculture, wood and furniture, Clothing / textile, cattle-raising of cut and leather, Cassava, Construction, Fruit growing and Tourism.
The major economic activities of the State, considering the year 2006, continue to the areas mining and metallurgical production and agribusiness, especially the production of pig iron, calcined alumina, aluminum unalloyed aluminum alloy and soybeans, contributing to export growth Maranhão and reflecting directly in economic activities of the sectors of Agriculture, Industry and Services.
The agricultural accounting in 2006, 16.6% of the value of the gross, is to weight the distribution of economic activities in the sector, temporary crops 36.9%, Sylviculture Forestry / Logging 29.9%, 24.4% Cattle-rising, Fishing 5.8% and 3.0% permanent crops.
The industry grew 4.5% and accounts for 19.6% of the value added of the state in 2006. Contributed positively to the activities of industrial services of public utilities (3.4%) and construction (10.5%), although the latter has lost share in value added of the state's economy, from 6.1% in 2005 to 6, 0% in 2006, won Brazilian participation in the activity of 1.5% to 1.6% in 2006. In addition to these manufacturing industry grew by 1.6%, noting an increase in its value added of the state of 7.1% in 2005 to 9.5% in 2006.
Services grew by 4.1% in 2006. The private sector in total value added of the State increased from 65.0% in 2005 to 63.8% in 2006. The share loss was caused by decreased activity of commerce and maintenance and repair of 16.6% in 2005 to 14.5% in 2006, which grew in 2005 to 15.1% in 2006 and 5.9 %.
Integrated Development Polo - Southern Maranhão
The Southern Maranhão comprises the municipalities of Alto Parnaiba Balsas, Feira Nova do Maranhão, Fortaleza dos Nogueiras
Loreto, Novas Colinas, Riachão, Sambaíba,São Raimundo das Mangabeiras and Tasso Fragoso. The city, Balsas is the most dynamic, located 400 km from the city of Imperatriz and 790 km from the capital, São Luís.
The region has ideal conditions for growing non-irrigated grain crop, with some areas suitable for irrigated crops. Predominance of Oxisols (over 50%), and the vegetation varies from open fields, with grasses, to areas of woodland (with bushes and trees). The average altitude is around 600m.
The Southern area of Maranhão is 48,492.4 kilometers ² and a population of more than 150 thousand inhabitants. It is located in a region with an ideal climate for grain production in rainfed - soybeans, beans, rice, corn and millet - which expands intensive agriculture of high productivity. Rainfall is above 1,000 mm and annual evapo transpiration of 1,400 to 1,600 mm annually. The rainy season is between October and March and the dry season, with water deficit, from April to September. The average temperature reaches 27 ° C.
In the agricultural frontier, the Pole has strong potential for cattle raising activities and opens up with the industrialization of soy and exploitation of poultry and pig farming. It has a port system of great draft in São. Luis, essential infrastructure for the transport of loads of grain to the markets of Europe, the United States and Asia through the Northern Corridor. Costs are competitive and road-integrated railway, linking production areas to São. Luis, with plans for expansion of the North / South, from Estreito. The other advantages of the Polo include: large areas for grain production, low cost of land, good qualifications and high rates of growth.
Tourism Polo - São. Luis
The Pole of São. Luis includes five municipalities, where more than 1 million people.
The State of Maranhão has a great ability to expand its rich and unique tourism potential by linking its particular form of cultural expression to the beauties and riches of its natural heritage. The city of São. Luis has the potential differential before the other Brazilian destinations. The cuisine, handicrafts, folk festivals and architectural heritage - globally recognized with the title of World Heritage granted by UNESCO - are what give the city unique and special attractions. Other attractions of note are the Portinho, the beaches of Ponta D'Areia, Olho
DÁgua, São Marcos, Calhau, Caolho, Lagoa Ana Jansen and the rivers and Anil and Bacanga.
The city of Alcântara is also famous for its historic and cultural heritage. As attractive landscapes, we can mention the view of São. Luis, the island Do Livramento and the meeting of the waters of the river with Anil and Bacanga. The municipality of São José de Ribamar is characterized by religious tourism, with the main attraction to the Lourdes Grotto, which functions as a place of prayer requests of the faithful who visit the city. Finally, the municipalities of Paço do Lumiar and Raposas are recognized, among other things, the attractive handicrafts involving work with lace.
The Infrastructure of the state has 53,001 kilometers of roads, of which 4,926 are paved. Of the 53,001 kilometers of highways, 3,464 km are federal, 5,161 km are state and municipal 44,376 kilometers. The State has the Carajás Railway - EFC with 892 km long and transports ore, pig iron, soybeans, oil, fertilizer and general cargo, linking the Serra de Carajás, in Pará, the port of Ponta da Madeira in São Luis Railroad and the North - South that are in operation Açailândia to Imperatriz (100 km). The Northeastern Railway Company which, in Maranhao, is from São. Luis to Timon by a stretch of 450 km. Through the Northeastern Railway Company, São. Luis binds to Teresina and the other capitals of the Northeast. The Marechal Cunha Machado Airport, located in São. Luis is one of the most modern airports in the country, with intelligent passenger terminal, air-conditioned with capacity to serve 1 million passengers per year. It stands out, too, the presence of the airport Guilherme Cortez, located at Imperatriz, who has both contributed to the development of the state. The State of Maranhão has two major ports: the port of São. Luis in 2003, handled 68,475,599 tons, with 991 ships at berth and the port of Itaqui, which handled 14,663,909 tonnes, with 563 ships at berth.
Source: Regional Accounts of Brazil - IBGE 2006 / Bank of Northeast Brazil